Asthma Awareness

Asthma

Asthma is one of the most common diseases that affects millions of people in the U.S. The severity varies from person to person depending on the type of asthma the individual has. From mild coughing and shortness of breath to swelling in the airway and chest tightness, the symptoms can quickly go from controllable to scary. Since there is no cure for asthma, the best thing to do is to be prepared. If you have any of the common symptoms, it may be time to see a doctor to get tested.

Symptoms:

  • Chest tightness
  • Swollen airway
  • Coughing or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnosis:

When going in for an asthma diagnosis, your doctor will likely start by getting a detailed medical history including what types of medications you take, if you have a history of allergy problems and any other signs that could be symptoms of asthma. After that, they may have to perform breathing tests or a physical exam to get a look at your throat, nose, chest, etc.

Treatment:

Since there is no cure for asthma, the best way to control the severity of your symptoms is to develop a treatment plan with your doctor. There are multiple types of medications that could be prescribed, including:

  • Inhalers
  • Nebulizers
  • Inhaled corticosteroids

There are also many other long-term medications that could be prescribed depending on the type of asthma.

Episode Prevention:

One of the best ways to prevent asthma flare-ups, other than medication, is to know what triggers your attacks and avoid them. Some possible triggers could include:

  • Animals
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Allergies
  • Exercising
  • Stress

Keep a record of what you were doing when you have asthma attacks so that you and your doctor can determine your triggers to better enable prevention in the future.

Find an OSU Medicine clinic near you if you think you should be tested for asthma. For a list of clinics, visit osumedicine.com/clinic.

 

 

05-24-2018